Mertensia virginica

Common Name(s):
Virginia blue bells
Flowering Time:
April to May
Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign:
Calyx yellows, seeds turn brown/black when mature, but are often released when still green
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates:
Mid to late May
Seed Cleaning:
Separate seeds from vegetative structures
Intolerant of dry storage, mildly hydrophilic (Cullina 2000)
Restoration Potential:

Spring ephemeral.

Mature plants transplanted in the field had 83-92% survival after two years, and continued high survivial in year 3 (Altricher et al. 2020). 

Seed output high (Barkely 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991); self sows (Cullina 2000).

Vegetative spread low from sometimes odd-shaped, gnarled tuberous roots (Sperkka 1973, Runkel and Bull 2009).

Virginia blue bells (Mertensia virginica)