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Solidago flexicaulis

Common Name(s)
Zig zag goldenrod
Flowering Time
August to September
Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Pappus expands
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Late October

Transplants in a field study had 55% survival after 7 years (Mottl et al. 2006). Zig zag goldenrod also self-sows and spreads extensively by rhizomes (Mottl et al. 2006).

Experimental seed addition in a small field study resulted in establishment of zig zag goldenrod seedlings in 42-54% of plots after three years (Brudvig et al. 2011) However, of 300 seeds planted in a central Iowa demographic study, 45 germinated (15%) and 3 plants survivied to year 5; 3 flowered after an average of 4 years (Mabry in prep.). These studies suggest that introduction using transplants has a high potential for success, while introduction by seed requires further study.

Mature plants transplanted in the field had 78% survival after two years, and continued high survivial in year 3. In addition, by year two new plants were establishing vegetatively (Altricher et al. 2020).

Seed output 100-1000/plant; high vegetative spread (Barkley 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991).


Zig zag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

Zig zag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis) flower

Seed Cleaning
None required
Restoration Potential
Proven performer by vegetative spread