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Mertensia virginica

Common Name(s)
Virginia blue bells
Flowering Time
April to May
Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Calyx yellows, seeds turn brown/black when mature, but are often released when still green
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Mid to late May

Spring ephemeral.

Mature plants transplanted in the field had 83-92% survival after two years, and continued high survivial in year 3 (Altricher et al. 2020). Self sows (Mabry, personal observation).

Seed output high but does not spread vegetatively (Barkely 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991); roots a deep fibrous clump (Runkel and Bull (2009).

Virginia blue bells (Mertensia virginica)

Seed Cleaning
Separate seeds from vegetative structures
Intolerant of dry storage, mildly hydrophilic (Cullina 2000)
Restoration Potential
High (by transplant)