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Hydrophyllum virginianum

Common Name(s)
Virginia waterleaf
Flowering Time
Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Capsule plump and round, begins to yellow; seed is brown
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Late June

Transplants in a field study had 96% survival after 7 years; waterleaf self-sows extensively (Mottl et al. 2006), leading to rapid spread once introduced (Mabry, personal observation).

Mature plants transplanted in the field had 85-100% survival after two years (Golay et al.  2013, Altrichere et a. 2020), continued high survivial in year 3 (Altricher et al. 2020), with recruitment of new individuals observed in year 2 (Golay et al. 2013).

Moderate seed output; high vegetative spread (Barkely 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991).


Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum) flower

Seed Cleaning
Separate seeds from capsules
Intolerant of dry storage (Cullina 2000)
Restoration Potential
High (by transplant)