Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Siliques lighten (slightly yellowish) and appear full; if not collected too early, fruit can be placed in plastic bag until siliques split and release seed
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Mid to late May
Short statured spring ephemeral. Low seed production and little to no vegetative spread (Barkely 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991); root a stocky rhizome.
Intolerant of dry storage (Cullina 2000)