June to July
Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Capsules and seeds turn brown and papery
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Experimental seed addition in a small field study (forested) failed to produce seedlings after three years (Brudvig et al. 2011), likely because this species requires light (Cullina 2000)
Once established it self sows (Mabry personal observation).
Roll or press through screen to separate seeds from capsules