Fruit/Seed Maturation Sign
Capsule splits easily; seeds turn brown
Fruit/Seed Collection Dates
Late September to mid October
Limited to open woods on dry soils (Eilers and Roosa 1994), with little competing vegetation.
Low seed output; no vegetative spread (Barkely 1986, Gleason and Cronquist 1991).
Separate seeds from capsule
Medium to Low